The Role of Education in National Development (1)

edited October 2021 in Academic Guide

Let's take some time to share some significance of education in the development of nation countries. Feel free to read along or skip to any section using the below outline.


A. Education Definition and Brief Background

B. Education and National Development

C. Global Innovation Index (GII)

D. Action Points

E. Terms, References and Further Readings

(Sections A, B and C are covered here, while sections C, D and E are covered in another post).


Down through history, education remains a vital key player in the growth and development of nations across continents of the world. What is Education? The MWD defines Education as the action or process of teaching someone, especially in a school, college, or university. It is the knowledge, skill and understanding that one gets from attending school, college, or university.

Similarly, it is a field of study that deals with the methods and problems of teaching. According to the MWD-a the first known use of the term education was in the year 1531. It is the action or process of educating or of being educated; also a stage of such process. It is the knowledge and development resulting from an educational process. Similarly, it is the field of study that deals mainly with methods of teaching and learning in schools.

As defined above, education directly involves learning. However, there exist different schools of thought on how learning takes place in an individual. Among all, the educare, and the educere stands out.

The educare (pronounced e-du-ka-re) supposes that the human mind is like a blank slate – tabula-rasa at birth. This implies that it holds no previous information, skills or knowledgeability whatsoever. However, learning commences as the child begins to grow and take in new ideas and information, thereby building his knowledge base as well as forming personal ideologies.

On the other hand, the educere believes that the human mind right from birth contains certain innate abilities and foreknowing. It supposes that such thinkability enables an individual to learn new things primarily by drawing out of his pre-existing wealth of knowledge and thereby forms and consolidates new knowledge ideas and concepts.

However, there’s a generally fair amount of consensus that both educare and educere are applicable processes and procedures whereby learning takes place; depending on the individual’s level of growth and intellectual development.


Unarguably today, education has become a matter of priority and utmost importance in achieving innovation and national development across the world. Top developed nation-states have repeatedly proven that setting and maintaining high standards of quality education is a key prerequisite to attaining sustainable growth and development. By prioritizing education, they have enjoyed no little progress in building flourishing economies based on diverse innovations.

Simply put, education and national development of nations like the two sides of a coin are, quite inseparable. Rather, it becomes the foundation that sustains all other forms of intellectual quest, innovative discoveries, breakthroughs and developments.

From cradle to college, education helps equips us with literacy, communication and interpersonal relations, reasoning & brainstorming, business negotiation, and diverse intellectual & professional skills among others. While in school, students learn to interact with one another, thereby gaining exposure to different cultural, religious and social backgrounds. Later on in life, they become professionals, business owners, national leaders and ambassadors’ representatives making educated and informed decisions at local, state, national and international levels.

Essentially, in any typical nation-state; education plays an integral role in fostering productive human capital development, improving social cohesion, religious tolerance and cultural integration while affording beneficial diplomatic relations and allies.


The GII is a co-initiative of Cornell University-b, INSEAD-c and WIPO-d . The index covers over 80 analysis indicators that explore a broad spectrum of innovation, including environment, political, education, and infrastructure & business sophistication. According to the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2019 published in the Statistics Times, Finland (6th ) and Singapore (8th ) rank among the top ten countries leading the innovation rankings. On the other hand, countries such as Mali, Algeria and Nigeria with the 112th, 113th and 114th positions respectively will do well by considering placing more importance and commitment to Quality education 2 as explained in the United Nations SDGs.

Thanks for reading. Remember to check out the concluding part of the post here.


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